Attila: The Barbarian King Who Challenged Rome

John Man. Attila: The Barbarian King Who Challenged RomeA stunning biography of history’s most infamous warlord, Attila the Hun. For a crucial twenty years in the early fifth century, Attila held the fate of the Roman Empire and the future of all Europe in his hands. He created the greatest of barbarian forces, and his empire briefly rivaled Rome’s. In numerous raids and three major campaigns against the Roman Empire, he earned himself an instant and undying reputation for savagery. But there was more to him than mere barbarism. Attila was capricious, arrogant, brutal, and brilliant enough to win the loyalty of millions. In the end, his ambitions ran away with him. He did not live long enough to found a lasting empire—but long enough to jolt Rome toward its final fall. In this riveting biography, masterful storyteller John Man draws on his extensive travels through Attila’s heartland and his experience with the nomadic traditions of Central Asia to reveal the man behind the myth.

The Hun: Scourge of God AD 375-565 (Warrior)

Nic Fields. The Hun: Scourge of God AD 375-565 (Warrior).The Huns were the most feared and notorious barbarians of the ancient world. The infamous Attila, king of the Huns, and his subjects were known to their Roman enemies as the 'scourge of god'. They were Turco-Mongol nomads, originating from the steppes of central Asia who migrated westward, shifting whole nations and leaving devastation in their wake.

Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization)

Thomas T. Allsen, Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization). Cambridge University Press, 2004. 264 pp.Thomas Allsen is one of the foremost historians of the Mongol empire. His latest book breaks new scholarly boundaries in its exploration of cultural and scientific exchanges between Iran and China. Contrary to popular belief, Mongol rulers were intensely interested in the culture of their sedentary subjects. Under their auspices, various commodities, ideologies and technologies were disseminated across Eurasia. The result was a lively exchange of scientists, scholars and ritual specialists between East and West. The book is broad-ranging and erudite and promises to become a classic in the field.

Attila the Hun (Ancient World Leaders)

Bonnie Harvey. Attila the Hun (Ancient World Leaders)Describes the life of Attila, leader of the Huns, and his attempt to conquer the Roman Empire.

Attila, King of the Huns: Man and myth

Patrick Howarth. Attila, King of the Huns: Man and mythAttila the Hun has been known to the world for centuries as a bloodthirsty tyrant and as little else. In this piece of historical reconstruction, Patrick Howarth shows how wrong the judgement of the world has been.

Attila and The Huns

David Nicolle. Attila and The HunsAttila the Hun is revealed in this work as a man of theatrical rages, but also as a warrior of strategic skill and political insight. He led a simple life despite vast wealth, yet he was not the savage the Greek and Roman chroniclers would paint him as. David Nicolle also covers the dramatic events surrounding the fall of Rome and the beginning of the Dark Ages, as well as the history, organisation and dress of the various hunnish peoples.

The Huns (The Peoples of Europe Series)

Thompson E. A. The Huns (The Peoples of Europe Series)This is a history of the Huns in Europe from their first attacks on the Goths north of the Black Sea to the collapse of their central European empire after the death of the legendary Attila. In the only connected narrative account of the rise and fall of the Huns in English, Professor Thompson reconstructs their campaigns in detail from disparate and often fragmentary sources. In the process, there emerges a clear picture of their dramatic successes, and failures, against the non-Roman peoples of central and eastern Europe, and of their many invasions of the eastern and western halves of the Roman Empire.

Islamic Historiography and "Bulghar" Identity among the Tatars and Bashkirs of Russia

Allen J. Frank, Islamic Historiography and "Bulghar" Identity among the Tatars and Bashkirs of Russia. Leiden: Brill, 1998. ix + 232 pp.This text deals with the development of Bulghar regional identity among Tartars and Bashkirs — Muslims living in the Volga-Ural region. Based on locally-produced Islamic manuscripts, the book examines how these Muslims manipulated legends, conversion narratives, and sacred geography to create a body of sacred historiography that expressed a meaningful regional identity, and one which responds to the changing relationship between these Muslims and the Russian state over the 19th century. The book also traces the debate between traditionalist supporters and reformist detractors of this sacred historiography in the 19th century, and addresses the fate of Bulghar identity in the 20th century, including its transformation in Soviet and post-Soviet times into a secularized national identity.

Who Gets the Past? Competition for Ancestors among non-Russian Intellectuals in Russia

Shnirelman V. A. Who Gets the Past? Competition for Ancestors among non-Russian Intellectuals in Russia. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996. 112 pp.The diversion of scholarship on ethnicity by political forces has been studied in Nazi Germany, where folklore became central to national self-perception and consequently suffered from uncritical enthusiasms. Who Gets the Past? is one of the first studies of this phenomenon in another arena.
In the Middle Volga region of Russia, the intellectuals of two ethnic groups are engaged in a protracted competition for the right to claim descent from various ancestries, most dating back to the first millennium A.D. Archeologists from both the Chuvash and the Tatar ethnic groups are attempting to present evidence connecting the groups with Turkic-speakers, Finnish-Ugric groups, Bulgars, or Sarmatians. At stake, according to Victor Shnirelman, are both territorial and political advantages.
Who Gets the Past? tells how and why, from the Stalinist period to the present, these intellectuals have made different, sometimes self-contradictory, claims on the past. The Soviet legacy of reinforcing and politicizing ethnic identities is largely responsible for the original extent of the competition, according to Shnirelman. But the importance of ethnic claims since the Soviet breakup has only contributed to its persistence.

Chuvashia: history and culture

Чӑваш ен : история и культура = Чувашия = CHUVASHIA : [реклам. просп. ] / Минкультуры Чуваш. Респ.; [авт.-сост. В. Иванов; фот. П. Сымкин]. — [Чебоксары : Чувашия, 1994]. — 15 с.: цв. ил. — Текст парал. чуваш., рус., англ.

The Chuvash Republic is situated in the central part of Russia on the banks of the great river Volga. Its territory is not very large. It is just 18 300 km2 and stretches for 190 km from south to north fot 160 km from west to east and for 80 km — at the narrowest place. The climate is temperately continental, the landscape is foreststeppe. The population of Chuvashia is 1,353,000 including townspeople — 810,200 (60 per cent of total number). Chuvashia takes the 4th place in Russia in density of population — 73,800 people per square kilometre (in Russia — 8,700). In Chuvashia there are nine towns: Cheboksary (population — 442,000), Novocheboksarsk (121,000), Kanash (57,000), Alatir (48,000), Shumerlya (43,000), Kozlovka (13,000), Mariinsky Posad (11,000), Tsivilsk (11,000), Yadrin (11,000). Besides 8 populated areas have a status of town-type settlements. In Chuvashia there ary 21 administrative rural regions. Rural population live in 1721 settlements. In the Republic there live more than 55 nationalities, the main of which are the Chuvashs — 67,8%, the Russians — 26,7%, the Tatars — 2,7%, the Mordvas — 1,4%. The population of Cheboksary, the capital of Chuvashia, consists in the main of the Chuvashs (61,6%) and the Russians (34,5%).


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