Chuvash. A language of Russian Federation (Europe)

ISO 639-3chv

Population 1,640,000 in Russian Federation (2002 census). Population total all countries: 1,674,420.
Region Chuvashia, east of Moscow, near Volga River. About half live in towns (1995). Also in Estonia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan.
Language map European Russia
Alternate names   Bulgar
Dialects Anatri, Viryal. The only extant language in the Bolgar branch of Turkic.
Classification Altaic, Turkic, Bolgar
Language use 200,000 L2 speakers. Most also use Russian.
Language development Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. NT: 1904–1911.
Writing system Cyrillic script.
Comments Agriculturalists. Christian, traditional religion.

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: